5 Important Tips for Starting a Rice Retailing Business (Bigasan)

Updated: April 15, 2023

In the Philippines where rice is eaten every day, starting a rice retailing business or bigasan makes a lot of sense. You have consumers who buy in great numbers and food establishments who order in bulk.

Thus, becoming a rice dealer or retailer can net you good profits because of its daily demand. And with a low starting capital of about P80,000 to P120,000 — it’s also an affordable business to start as well.

To help you succeed in this business, here are five important tips you should follow.

1. Get an NFA license first.

Your first priority when starting a rice retailing business would be to secure a license from the National Food Authority (NFA). They are the ones who will tell you if you are allowed to sell and distribute rice.

The NFA license can be procured at the nearest NFA office that has jurisdiction over the location of your business. You will be given an application form from a Licensing Officer (LO) after paying an application fee of P100.

Once you’ve submitted the application form back to the LO, you will pay a license fee that depends on your capital and receive an official receipt from the cashier.

The last thing you need to do is prepare your equipment and facility to be inspected by NFA investigator and if approved, head back to the LO with your notice of inspection, official receipt and proof of compliance with deficiencies (if any).

After acquiring an NFA license, your next step is to register your business. A single proprietorship business must register with the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI), while a partnership and corporation must register with the Securities and Exchange Commissions (SEC).

Related topic: How to Register Your Business in the Philippines

2. Buy proper equipment

The NFA needs you to have the proper equipment for selling rice. You will need a calibrated weighing scale, white-painted rice boxes, and price tags that indicate the price of the rice per kilogram among other things.

Other requirements include the classification, variety, and grade of the rice grain whether it is NFA or otherwise.

Lastly, you will need to put up a signboard that is 45 cm wide and 75 in length that shows the business name, the NFA control number, and the words “Licensed Grains Retailer” or “Wholesaler” to complete your legal requirements for selling rice.

3. Choose a good location for your rice business.

The location you choose should have the right target market, has heavy foot and vehicle traffic. Study the habits of those who frequent buying rice in “palengkes” and groceries to gauge how you would approach the situation to your favor.

4. Invest on proper storage for your rice.

The downside of selling rice is that it can spoil easily, and its quality will deteriorate in three months. So implement a first-in, first-out inventory method to optimize the shelf life of your rice and maintain its quality.

Another thing you should take note are insects or bugs that eat rice, such as bukbok or grain weevils. Keep your storage area clean and sanitized. Ask tips from your rice supplier as well on how to prevent infestation.

5. Get to know your suppliers and prospective customers

List down all the rice suppliers you have nearby and develop good relations with them, this way you would be able to take discounts further down the road and even get referrals from them.

Having a wide variety of rice will make it easy for customers to choose to do with your business since they have a lot of options to buy from you.

While this may be easy, consider making deals with large-scale businesses such as hotels, resorts, restaurants and small-scale businesses such as carenderias. By providing discounts to businesses, they would likely be more loyal to you and maybe even refer to you if they have other clients interested in buying rice in bulk.

Contact Information for Business Licensing Authorities

Department of Trade & Industry
Trade & Industry Building, 361 Senator Gil J. Puyat Avenue, Makati City, Metro Manila, Philippines 1200
Website: www.dti.gov.ph
Email: ask@dti.gov.ph
Facebook: www.facebook.com/DTI.Philippines
Twitter: @DTIPhilippines
MSME Assistance Hotline:(+632) 751-5096

National Food Authority Philippines
North Avenue, Quezon City, Philippines
Website: www.nfa.gov.ph
Facebook: www.facebook.com/nfapublicaffairs
Twitter: @bigas_nfa
Mobile no.: 0906-436-3133

Security and Exchange Commission (Licensing Unit)
G/F Secretariat Building, PICC Complex, Roxas Boulevard, Pasay City, 1307
Website: www.sec.gov.ph
Email: sltamayo@sec.gov.ph
Fax no.: 818-7187

Do you have a rice retailing business? I’d like to hear additional tips so please share them below in the comments section. Thank you.

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  1. Hi Mr. Villafuerte. what if it’s not a retailer? what will be the process if it is for those who wants to be a distributor? do they need to put up a store before hand or as it is a start up, can it be our house as the business location? Thank you in advance.

  2. I am planing to set up a startup rice business (500K to1M budget) in Philippines and need some guid.
    what is the best option retailing , whole selling or . distribution ?


  3. I want first to have seminar before I start bigasan business,who can be a speaker for this?

  4. Which site or reference can we check for schedule of seminars about Rice Retail/Wholesale business? Thanks po

  5. this coming harvest season, i will harvest 40 sacks of rice 50 kilos per sacks.. who wants to buy?

  6. i need a seminar or feasibility study for start up rice retailing business. thank you

  7. i am planning to put a bigasan business budget is 200k please give me tips and factor to consider before putting this business thank you

  8. I want first to have seminar before I start bigasan business, Which site or reference can we check for schedule of seminars about Rice Retail/Wholesale business? Thanks po

  9. hie i am sriharsha manava i am planning to start a start up retailing and anything that use in our house and daily need if any one having idea can you please share with me . and i am planning for supermarket too. you can share….

  10. I want to start rice retailing business but i don’t know where to start . Is there someone there can give me some advice pls. Badly needed. Thank you

  11. Hi Sir / Ma’am,
    Good day!
    I’m planning a business as a rice retailer but also I need a seminar first .

  12. Me tindahan po ako sarisari store pwefe po ba ako mgtinda ng bigas kht tig iisang sako lng ng tatlong klase ng bigas?

  13. gusto ko po sana mag start ng bigasan sa aming brgy.uupa lng po ng pwesto.un nga lng po 50 k lng puhunan q ok po ba na panimulang capital un? thanks po.

  14. HI SIr. I am planning to start rice business as a rice retailer / Wholesale business KIndly let me know.

  15. Sir/Ma’am,
    Idea po sana kung saan pwede mag apply/register for rice retailing business seminar, love to be in this field po..salamat

  16. gusto ko po magstart ng bigasan business para sa community namin . sa bahay na rin po namin ung location. gusto ko po makahanap ng supplier. ung sustainable po at reliable

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